Shiloh National Military Park

Confederate Memorial

Confederate Monument (32K)

Image 1: The Confederate Monument. The Confederate Monument is the largest in the park. It was dedicated by the United Daughters of the Confederacy in 1917 to commemorate the Confederate soldiers that fought in the battle.

The statues and reliefs on the monument are rife with symbolism and tell the story of the battle from the Confederate perspective.

Defeated Victory (35K)

Image 2: Defeated Victory. The central figures of the monument represent "defeated victory". The female figure in front symbolizes the Confederacy. In her hand is the laurel wreath of victory, which she is reluctantly releasing to the figure symbolizing Death. The furtive figure on the right is Night. Death and Night stole the battle from the Confederacy, suggests the monument — Death by taking the Confederate commander General Albert Sidney Johnston, and Night by bringing Federal reinforcements. Below the figures is the profile of Johnston.

Infantryman and Artillerman (37K)

Image 3: Infantryman and Artilleryman. On the far right of the monument are the main Southern soldiers, represented by the Infantryman in front and the Artilleryman behind. They stand with each other, as they fought together in the battle, though the infantryman is prominently at the front. Both have the look of confident optimism for the battle to come. The infantryman holds his flag in his right hand, symbolically defying the Union.

Advance to battle (32K)

Image 4: Advance to battle. On the right, between the Infantryman and Artilleryman, and Defeated Victory, is a relief depicting soldiers advancing into battle. This represents the first day of the battle. There are 11 soldiers, bent slightly forward indicating their enthusiastic rush to battle. Their demeanor shows that they are not afraid of the struggle to come.

Cavalryman and Officer (35K)

Image 5: Cavalryman and Officer. On the far left are the statues of the Cavalryman and the Officer. The Cavalryman, in front, has unsheathed his sword but holds out his left hand in frustration. The dense woods of the battlefield prevented the Confederate cavalry from aiding their compatriots. The figure behind is the Officer, who has his head bowed in submission. He symbolizes the officers who ordered a halt to the Confederate assault on the first day, suggesting that if they had continued to fight their army would have been successful.

The tide has turned (31K)

Image 6: The tide has turned. This relief lies between the Cavalryman and the Officer, and Defeated Victory. The relief represents the second day of the battle. A series of soldiers are moving in the opposite direction to those in Image 4. They move along waves, depicting that they are at the mercy of the tide of battle, which turned against them. The men seem like they are moving reluctantly, with their heads bowed in sorrow. Note that in contrast to the 11 figures in Image 4, the number of figures has been reduced to 10 here, representing casualties suffered during the battle.

Confederate Monument, second view (31K)

Image 7: Confederate Monument, another view. This is a more oblique view of the monument, which affords a better sense of depth than Image 1 and which shows the steps leading up to the monument proper in better detail.

The top pictures were taken in May, 2002 and captured on Kodak Gold 200 film. The bottom picture was taken in March 2000 and captured on Fuji ISO 200 film. All of the pictures were shot with a Nikon F-601 autofocus SLR, using a Nikkor 24mm - 50mm f2.8 wide angle zoom lens.