Manassas National Battlefield Park

Stone Bridge

Stone Bridge, looking southwest (46K)

Image 1: Stone Bridge, looking southwest. View of the north side of the Stone Bridge, looking southwest, from the heights on the east side of Bull Run.

Stone Bridge, looking northeast (38K)

Image 2: Stone Bridge, looking northeast. View of the south side of the Stone Bridge, looking northeast, from the banks of the Bull Run.

1st Manassas: The Warrenton Turnpike crossed Bull Run at the Stone Bridge. The Warrenton Turnpike led from Manassas toward Washington. While the Confederates defended the fords across Bull Run east of the bridge, only Evans Brigade defended the bridge itself. The Union army under Brigadier General Irvin McDowell pinned down Confederates on the west side of the bridge while a portion of the army crossed at Sudley Springs Ford. This uncovered the bridge, allowing the Union to cross it. This movement brought the Union army west of Bull Run in strength, establishing a bridgehead and forcing the Confederates to react to their movements.

While the First Battle of Bull Run began positively for the Union, the tide of the battle turned against them due to the stiff Confederate resistance on Henry Hill, and the appearance of reinforcements. The Union army's retreat turned into a rout. The army streamed across the Stone Bridge as it ran for the protection of the Washington defenses.

When the newspapers reported the battle, they didn't know what to call it. Though the North ended up calling the battle Bull Run, and the South called it Manassas, one of the names considered was Stone Bridge.

2nd Manassas: The Stone Bridge was less significant at the Second Battle of Manassas as the Union army approached the battlefield from the southwest. The Union army did retreat across the bridge in the aftermath of the Confederate victory.

These photographs were taken in May, 1999 with a Nikon F-601 autofocus SLR, using a Nikkor 24mm - 50mm f2.8 wide angle zoom lens. The images were captured on Kodak Gold 200 film.