Gettysburg National Military Park

Lutheran Seminary

Schmucker Hall

Image 1: Schmucker Hall. Schmucker Hall, built in 1832, was the seminary's main classroom and dormitory during the time of the battle. Brig. Gen. John Buford used the cupola on top of the building to view Confederate troops as he coordinated his cavalry early on July 1. When the Union troops retreated from this part of the battlefield, the building was taken over by the Confederates. They likely used the cupola as an observation spot, too, though the building became a hospital later in the battle.

The Lutheran Seminary consisted of three buildings at the time of the battle. Two other buildings on the campus are not shown here, but I hope to photograph them on my next trip to the battlefield. Built in 1834, Krauth House was the centre of the Union line, and later the flank of the Confederate line on that first day of the battle. It was used as a hospital during the battle. From 1850 to 1865 it was the home of Dr. Charles Krauth and his family.

The Schmucker House was built in 1833 and was the home of the seminary's founder, Samuel Simon Schmucker. Being in the centre of the Confederate line throughout the battle, it was damaged by Union artillery firing from Cemetery Ridge, and by Confederates occupying the house. Samuel Schmucker was an avowed foe of slavery. He harboured slaves escaping via the underground railway in his home and barn. Confederate soldiers made a point of scattering and destroying his books and papers in his home.

Church of Abiding Presence

Image 2: Church of the Abiding Presence. Built in 1940 and not around at the time of the battle, this church now dominates the skyline of the seminary's campus.

These photographs were taken with a Nikon F-601 autofocus SLR, using a Nikkor 24mm - 50mm f2.8 wide angle zoom lens or with a Sigma 150mm - 300mm telephoto zoom lens. The images were captured on Kodak Gold 200 film.