Gettysburg National Military Park

Little Round Top

Little Round Top is one of the most famous areas of the battlefield. On July 2, 1863, the Brigades of Brig. Gen. Evander Law and Brig. Gen. Jerome Robertson of Maj. Gen. John Bell Hood's division assaulted Little Round Top. Opposing them were the men of Colonel Strong Vincent's brigade of Brig. Gen. James Barnes' division in Maj. Gen. George Sykes' V Corps. Later, Vincent was reinforced to the north with the men of Col. Stephen Weed's brigade of Brig. Gen. Romeyn Ayres division of the same corps. It was the valour of Vincent's brigade that prevented the Confederates from taking Little Round Top.

Due to the fame of the 20th Maine regiment, pictures of the 20th Maine's position are found here, on a separate page. The pictures here cover the rest of Little Round Top.

155th Pennsylvania Monument

Image 1: 155th Pennsylvania Monument. The monument in the foreground is for the 155th Pennsylvania Zouave regiment of Weed's brigade. This picture is taken from the north of Vincent's spur (the flat area where Vincent's men were deployed) in an area defended by Weed's brigade. In the background, standing on a rock, is the monument to Maj. Gen. Gouvernor K. Warren. On the right is the monument to the 146th New York.

Little Round Top from Devil's Den

Image 2: Little Round Top from Devil's Den. This is a view of Little Round Top and the Valley of Death as seen from Devil's Den. You get a very good idea of the slope of the hill from this picture.

Little Round Top northwest face

Image 3: Little Round Top, looking northwest. This is a view from the north edge of Vincent's spur, the flat area near the top of Little Round Top where Vincent's brigade deployed. This shot looks along the edge of Little Round Top occupied by Weed's brigade, which deployed on the right of Vincent's brigade.

Warren Monument

Image 4: Warren Monument. In the centre of the picture, standing on a rock, is the statue to Major General Gouvernor K. Warren. The picture looks northwest. If you look carefully in the background on the right, you'll see the Pennsylvania monument. Warren is known as "the saviour of Little Round Top".

Warren was the chief engineer of the Army of the Potomac. In the afternoon of the second day of the battle, Warren arrived at the top of Little Round Top. From here he could see men of Hood's division moving against the Union army. He could also see the entire Union battle line north of here. He immediately realized that if the Confederates took the hill, they could fire artillery down the entire Union line. The Union would have to assault the hill or retreat from the Gettysburg area. He immediately called for Barnes division of Sykes' V Corps to reinforce the hill. His message was intercepted by Colonel Strong Vincent, who took it upon himself to put his brigade on the hill. This action, done with about 20 minutes left before the Confederates assaulted the hill, saved the Union position.

Warrent Statue close-up

Image 5: A close-up view of the Warren statue, taken at a different time of the year (September instead of the previous picture taken in May). You can clearly see the Pennsylvania monument and other monuments on Cemetery Ridge in the background, emphasizing the important tactical nature of Little Round Top.

44th and 12th New York Monument

Image 6: 44th and 12th New York Monument. The previous two pictures were taken from the tower of this monument, which affords a good view of the Little Round Top area. This picture was taken from the area of the 16th Michigan monument, west of this monument. The large circular granite tower stands 44 feet high. It stands on the southern summit of the hill, to the left of the position occupied by the 16th Michigan. It was designed by General Daniel Butterfield and is recognized as the largest and most expensive of the regimental monuments.

View from 44th New York Monument

Image 7: Another view from the top of the 44th New York monument. You can see in the background the area of the battlefield east of the wheatfield. The people in the picture are Do-Ming Lum, Jill Lum, and Lorna Toolis.

View from the 44th New York Monument's arch

Image 8: View from the 44th New York Monument's arch. There are two entrances to the 44th New York's monument, one facing east and one facing west. This is the view out the west facing arch of the tower. The 16th Michigan was the far right of Vincent's brigade on Little Round Top. You can see how far down the slope the 16th Michigan defended. The far left of Vincent's line was occupied by the 20th Maine.

16th Michigan Monument

Image 9: 16th Michigan Monument, with Big Round Top in the background. Behind the 16th Michigan's monument is Big Round Top. It was on Big Round Top that Oates' men briefly rested before pushing down the slopes and into the attack against the 20th Maine.

91st Pennsylvania Monument

Image 10: 91st Pennsylvania Monument. Beyond the monument you can see yet another view of the Valley of Death with Devil's Den to the left.

V Corps Marker

Image 11: V Corps Marker. The marker for the V Corps is located in the woods behind the main line of defence on Little Round Top. The marker is found well behind the monuments in the previous pictures.

Michigan Sharpshooters Monument

Image 12: Michigan Sharpshooters Monument. This is a monument to Companies C, I, and K of the 1st U.S. Sharpshooters regiment and Company B of the 2nd U.S. Sharpshooters, all from Michigan. This monument is about a third of the way down the slope of Little Round Top, north and at about the same level of the 16th Michigan monument (pictured above). This represents the sharpshooters that protected the right flank of Vincent's brigade. If you look very carefully, you can see the 91st Pennsylvania monument in the middle of the background.

Hazlett's Battery

Image 13: Hazlett's Battery. The cannons roughly represent the positions of the 5th U.S. Artillery, Battery D (Hazlett's Battery). The monument near the cannons is to Hazlett and Weed. The exact spot of the battery's position is not known.

Lieutenant Charles E. Hazlett's battery of 6 guns was the first to reinforce Little Round Top. This, in itself, was a feat. The hill was steep and it was very difficult to move the artillery pieces up to their position. The caissons were kept on the east slope of the hill, meaning that ammunition had to be passed over the top of the hill.Hazlett originally didn't want to be the first battery in the line of artillery marching with Sykes. He had heard bad news from home and had a premonition of his death. He was overruled, and when Warren called for reinforcements, Hazlett rode to the hill ahead of his guns. Warren didn't think that artillery would be worthwhile on the hill. The guns could not depress far enough to fire at the troops assaulting Little Round Top (though the guns could fire on Devil's Den and the Wheatfield). Hazlett didn't worry about this, figuring that the sound of his guns would give the men on the hill moral support.

After the battle for Little Round Top was over, but while the Union forces were kicked out of Devil's Den and the battle still raged in the Wheatfield, Col. Stephen Weed was mortally wounded. As he lay on the ground, he asked to see Hazlett. He said something about debts needing to be paid, and asked Hazlett to move closer, possibly so that Weed could say something confidentially to Hazlett. As Hazlett leaned forward, he was shot in the head and killed. Weed was moved back to an aid station, but later died there.

Hazlett's battery, aimed towards Devil's Den

Image 14: Hazlett's battery, aimed towards Devil's Den. This cannon, representing the location of Hazlett's battery, looks out to Devil's Den.

Little Round Top Sunset

Image 15: A beautiful sunset, taken on Little Round Top, with Warren's statue in the foreground.

These photographs were taken with a Nikon F-601 autofocus SLR, using a Nikkor 24mm - 50mm f2.8 wide angle zoom lens or with a Sigma 150mm - 300mm telephoto zoom lens. The images were captured on Kodak Royal Gold and Gold 200 film.