Gettysburg National Military Park

Culp's Hill

29th Pennsylvania Monument

Image 1: 29th Pennsylvania Monument. This is one of my favourite images, taken on the southwestern slope of Culp's Hill. The 29th Pennsylvania was part of Kane's brigade of the XII Corps. They sat on the right of Greene's brigade, which held the centre of the line on Culp's Hill. They were moved up to the hill in the evening of July 2 - 3, 1863.

Greene Monument

Image 2: Greene Monument. This a monument to Brigadier General George S. Greene.

On July 2, 1863, Slocum ordered troops from Culp's Hill to move to Cemetery Ridge in order to help out the heavily assailed III Corps of Dan Sickles. In so doing, Greene's brigade became the right flank of the Union army. As fate would have it, Ewell's corps attacked, hitting Greene and siezing the trenches to Greene's right abandoned by the troops shifted to Cemetery Ridge. This fight could have been decisive, except that a simultaneous attack on Cemetery Hill was badly co-ordinated with the attack on Culp's Hill. Slocum was able to move his troops back to Culp's Hill, reinforcing Greene's right, and preparing to attack Ewell's left on the morning of July 3. That next day, Greene's troops were amongst those attacked in Ewell's dawn attack on Culp's Hill. This attack was supposed to occur at the same time as Longstreet's assault, but Longstreet had dithered, hoping to convince Lee to attack the Union left flank. The on the third day of the battle was brutal, but it petered out and the Union held Culp's Hill, retaking the abandoned trenches.

2nd Maryland Infantry, CSA

Image 3: 2nd Maryland Infantry, CSA. This is a monument to the Confederate 2nd Maryland Infantry. Maryland had regiments on both sides of the conflict.

137th New York and 29th Ohio Monuments

Image 4: 137th New York and 29th Ohio Monuments. The monument in the foreground is the 137th New York monument. The monument on the left, behind the tree, is the 29th Ohio monument. In the background you can just make out the 122nd New York monument.

These monuments are in an area of intense fighting on the third day of the battle. The 137th was in Greene's brigade, the 29th in Candy's brigade. In the early morning of July 3, CSA Major General Edward Johnson, of Ewell's Corps, sent his division forward in three separate attacks. The second and third attacks occurred in this area (particularly the second attack). Greene's regiments held off the Confederates until they ran low on ammunition and were replaced with regiments from Candy's brigade. The Confederate assault came from the lower left and left of this picture.

137th New York Monument

Image 5: 137th New York Monument. A closer view of the 137th New York monument.

29th Ohio Monument

Image 6: 29th Ohio Monument. A closer view of the 29th Ohio monument.

20th Connecticut and 123rd New York Monuments

Image 7: 20th Connecticut and 123rd New York Monuments. The foreground monument is 20th Connecticut's monument, and the monument behind it is that of the 123rd New York. These monuments are found on the eastern slope of the southern portion of Culp's Hill. This was in the area of the abandoned Union trenches that were taken back from the Confederates on the third day of the battle. You get a good feel for the terrain around Culp's Hill from this picture.

=60th New York Monument

Image 8: 60th New York Monument. This monument is near the summit of Culp's Hill, in an area that saw heavy fighting on the second and third days of the battle.

Slocum Monument

Image 9: Slocum Monument. Monument to Union Maj. Gen. Henry Slocum. Slocum was the commander of the XII Corps, but he handed control of that corps over to Alpheus Williams when Slocum took control of the right flank of the army during the battle. This monument is found west of the summit of Culp's Hill, in a saddle shaped area between Culp's and Cemetery hills.

Battery E, 5th Maine Light Artillery and Slocum Monuments

Image 10: Battery E, 5th Maine Light Artillery and Slocum Monuments. On the right is the monument to Battery E of the 5th Maine Light Artillery. On the left is the monument to Union Maj. Gen. Henry Slocum. In the background is the observation tower that was demolished on July 4, 2000.

These photographs were taken with a Nikon F-601 autofocus SLR, using a Nikkor 24mm - 50mm f2.8 wide angle zoom lens or with a Sigma 150mm - 300mm telephoto zoom lens. The images were captured on Kodak Royal Gold and Gold 200 film.