Gettysburg National Military Park

Cemetery Ridge

High Tide

Image 1: High Tide of the Confederacy. This is the area known as the "High Tide of the Confederacy". The monument to the left is for the 72nd Pennsylvania Infantry. The monument seen on the right (a Zouave soldier holding a rifle over his shoulder about to swing it down on an attacker) is for the 69th Pennsylvania. The famous copse of trees is seen in the background. In the distant background on the left you can just make out a caisson and cannon representing the location of Cushing's battery. It was near there that CSA General Lewis Armistead was mortally wounded.

This is the area known as the "High Tide of the Confederacy", because it's the area of deepest penetration during Pickett's Charge on July 3, 1863. The picture was taken just beyond the remnants of the stone fence, in an area where hundreds of Pickett's Virginians were stalled. A ring of Federal troops around the copse prevented them from getting any further.

The Angle

Image 2: The Angle. The tree in the picture marks the point where the stone wall formed a corner and ran east, creating the area known as "The Angle". The monument is to the 71st Pennsylvania Infantry.

The 71st was pushed back from the wall well past this area, reforming off the picture to the right. Armistead's men filled the gap. The 71st moved back forward beside the 72nd Pennsylvania. Brigadier General Alexander Webb was the leader of the Philadelphia Brigade. He ordered the 71st and 72nd to charge, but they did not. An aide to Brig. Gen. John Gibbon ordered the 71st's colour bearer forward, hoping the other troops would follow. They did not and he was cut down. This seemed to galvanize the Pennsylvanians. They surged forward. Some Confederates managed to retreat, others threw up their hands in surrender. The charge had crested, the assault was over.

Copse of Trees

Image 3: Another view of the copse of trees. The copse is protected by a metal fence, and the park maintains a clump of trees in this position on the battlefield.

Bryan barn, looking north

Image 4: Bryan barn, seen from the south (looking north). The monument on the left is the 12th New Jersey regiment's monument. The monument on the right, closer to the barn, is for the 111th New York.

Pettigrew's division struck Cemetery Ridge in this area of the battlefield, north of the angle. The primary point of contact occurred north of the barn. Two Federal regiments, the 8th Ohio and the 126th New York, swung to their left and hit Pettigrew's men in the flank.

26th North Carolina Monument

Image 5: 26th North Carolina Monument. The monument in the foreground is to the 26th North Carolina, indicating how close they came to the stone wall on Cemetery Ridge.

Cushing's Caissons

Image 6: Cushing's caissons. Caissons indicating the position of Cushing's battery during Pickett's Charge. In the background is the copse of trees. The Pennsylvania state monument can be seen in the middle background.

Meade Monument

Image 7: Meade Monument. Equestrian monument to Major General George G. Meade, commanding officer of the Army of the Potomac. This statue is behind the Union lines on Cemetery Ridge, half way between the Bryan farm and the copse of trees. In the distant background is the Pennsylvania state monument.

These photographs were taken with a Nikon F-601 autofocus SLR, using a Nikkor 24mm - 50mm f2.8 wide angle zoom lens or with a Sigma 150mm - 300mm telephoto zoom lens. The image was captured on Kodak Gold 200 film.