Gettysburg National Military Park

Barlow's Knoll

Barlow's Knoll

Image 1: Barlow's Knoll, looking southeast. The large bronze monument is for Union Brigadier General Francis C. Barlow. The smaller monument on the right is for the 25th and 75th Ohio regiments of Barlow's Division. To the left of Barlow's monument you can just make out, above the tree line, the Gettysburg observation tower. This tower, which was opened in 1974, was demolished on July 3, 2000 as part of a project to restore parts of the battlefield to its original condition.

Barlow's Division of Howard's Eleventh Corps tried to hold this knoll and the area west of it against Early's Division of Ewell's Confederate Corps. Early's men hammered the position from the northeast. One of Rodes' brigades swung onto Barlow's left flank after the Schurz's Division of the Eleventh Corps fell back to Barlow's left. Outnumbered and the knoll offering little cover, Barlow's brigades broke soon after Barlow fell wounded. The remnants of the brigade tried to rally south of the knoll at the Almshouse, but soon withdrew as Early's men swept over them. Barlow himself was captured. The loss of the knoll and the collapse of Barlow's line precipitated the rout of the Union Eleventh Corps.

Alms Cemetery

Image 2: Alm's Cemetary, looking southeast. Once again, the observation tower can be seen on the horizon. The cemetary for the poor is one of the more sobering areas of the battlefield. One particular headstone comes to mind, indicating the body of an unknown man who drowned in the late 1850s in a nearby river. The lefthand headstone in the foreground says simply "UNKNOWN". The righthand headstone says, "RICHARD STAUB. Aug. 13, 1913 Aged 81 Yrs."

Some of Barlow's artillery pieces were located in this cemetary during the bitter fighting for the knoll. The Almshouse, where Barlow's men tried to regroup, was located south of this cemetary.

These photographs were taken with a Nikon F-601 autofocus SLR, using a Nikkor 24mm - 50mm f2.8 wide angle zoom lens or with a Sigma 150mm - 300mm telephoto zoom lens. The images were captured on Kodak Royal Gold film.