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Manassas National Battlefield Park

The Manassas National Battlefield Park commemorates two battles fought during the American Civil War, the First and Second Battles of Manassas (also known as the First and Second Battles of Bull Run).

On July 21, 1861, the fledgling Union army under Major General Irvin McDowell clashed with the Confederate Army of Brigadier General P. G. T. Beauregard near Manassas Virginia. The Union held the advantage for much of the battle, until they paused in their attack, allowing the Confederates to reinforce with soldiers under General Joseph E. Johnston. The result was the first major Confederate victory at the First Battle of Manassas (also known as 1st Bull Run).

Over a year later, on August 29 and 30, 1862, another battle was fought over the same ground. Confederate General Robert E. Lee sent Maj. Gen. Thomas Jackson (who received his "Stonewall" nickname at 1st Manassas) around the flank of Union Maj. Gen. John Pope's Army of Virginia. Pope struck Jackson on the 29th, resulting in heavy fighting. On the 30th they fought once more. As in the first battle at Manassas, Confederate reinforcements — this time in the form of Maj. Gen. James Longstreet's corps slamming into Pope's flank — turned the tide of the battle.

Click on the picture on the map, or on the link below the map, to see photographs from that portion of the battlefield.

Manassas Map

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